Where do I start?

The Riley Guide
This site is a web classic. Margaret Riley's guide contains hundreds of links to other sites with job offers, career and salary information, job-search tips, resume advice, employers' profiles, sector growth forecasts, and many other topics. Most of the information is specific to the United States, but Canadian job seekers will nonetheless find a wealth of relevant information on this site.

(CIP) Students who want to know more about a specific occupation will find a great deal of information at:

What Color is Your Parachute? The Job Hunters' Bible
This site is put together by Richard Bolles, author of the book What color is your parachute?, a bestseller on career planning and job searching. Bolles evaluates the usefulness of a number of web sites and presents topics such as finding job opportunities, online resumes, getting help and advice, and networking. There are many useful tips on his site.

Tip: Bolles marks the sites that he likes best with a parachute icon. Take a moment and visit his top picks.

(CIP) If your job search is not going well, then check in at:
... where you will find some helpful advice.

The Canadian Careers Page
This site is rich in information; it is best described as a Canadian virtual employment library. You will find links to pages on job searching, resume and cover letter writing, as well as resources for recent graduates looking for their first job. There is a very interesting and helpful section with information on a variety of occupations and activities. You will also find a number of job offers on this site, and a "Job Board," listing several web resources with job listings in specific fields.

(ClP) Have you ever wondered whether it's possible to apply for a job via e-mail? Find out the answer at:

Get Wired, You're Hired: The Canadian Guide to Job Hunting Online
Based on the book with the same title, this site contains several useful lists of links for job seekers. One of these lists is aimed at recent graduates looking for their first job. A second list contains resources for people who are in search of a new job. There are also links for high school students who are choosing a career. Topics include self-exploration, job descriptions, identifying new opportunities, networking, and tapping into the hidden job market.

Seeking guidance

University of Waterloo Career Manual online

This site will guide you through the different stages of career planning and effective job searching. You will find exercises of self-exploration, information on market trends, advice on how to evaluate job offers, tips on efficient decision-making, and many other helpful hints.

Tip: Do not simply browse through this site. Follow all the steps in order. It may require some discipline, but after a thorough visit you will be better prepared to begin a career.

(CIP) Do you know what an information interview is? If not, see: CRC/manual/informationinterview.html

WorkSearch - Human Resources Development Canada (HRDC)
WorkSearch is full of helpful tips. It can provide you with all the information you need to create your very own job search strategy. The site includes exercises on self-knowledge, job-search techniques, career exploration, marketing skills, and self-employment. A search engine allows you to look for job offers in Canada's National job Bank and in the Public Service Commission Job site.

Tip: To make your visit to the HRDC site more efficient, make use of the "Where you have been" frame, in the bottom left corner of each page. Or if you prefer, choose the "no frames" version of the site.

(CIP) The site includes a questionnaire named "Personal Shortcut", available from the home page. Once completed, WorkSearch will suggest which information and exercises may be most useful to you based on the results.

Wall Street interactive Career Journal
This site has many job offers for executives and professionals in the United States and abroad, but this is not its most important feature. This site contains some of the best article on careers anywhere on the Internet. There are so many of them, it's  practically a job-search university. Topics include tips for the job-hunter, advice on salary negotiation, evaluating job offers, career planning, life at work, relocation, working abroad, and much more. All job seekers will find something of interest in these pages. Some articles specifically target recent graduates.

Writing your resume

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This section of the JobStar site deals specifically with cover letters and resumes.
This site presents the different types of resumes - chronological, functional, and electronic, - in a clear fashion. The language is simple and straightforward, and there are many sample resumes. The site includes links to a number of other resources for advice on resume-writing for a number of different careers.

(CIP) New graduates looking for their first job may be especially interested in this link. See:

The Damn Good Resume Web site
Yana Parker, a well known resume expert who also contributed to the previous site, gives some solid advice on resume writing and preparation at this address. On this site, you will find samples, tips, and answers to some tough questions. The questionnaires can be used to help you decide what to include on your resume. A very helpful site!
Large Canadian career site for college and university students and recent graduates. Resources include career postings, a resume wizard, career center, and relocation tools.

McMaster University Engineering Career Services - Resumes
This is a simple and straightforward site covering the essentials of good resume-writing. You can use the Functional Skills list to draw a thumbnail sketch of yourself, but do not limit yourself to it.

Finding Help

Human Resources Development Canada (HRDC) - Program and Services Guide
Visit this site to find out about the various programs and services offered by HRDC, including Employment insurance, the Canada Pension Plan, and other services offered to job seekers.

Tip: Don't forget you can learn a lot more by visiting your local Human Resources Centre of Canada (HRCC). To get a province-by-province listing of HRCCs, go to:


Don't miss these!

Career Mosaic Canada
Career Mosaic is one of the most important online employment services in North America. Thousands of job offers are listed, from Canada, the United States, and around the world. You can use this site to submit online resumes to potential employers. Career Mosaic has a notification service that will inform you, via e-mail, when a job that matches your qualifications is added to the site.

(CIP) New graduates looking for a first job Wild a lot of useful links at:

National Job Bank - Human Resources Development Canada (HRDC)
The National Job Bank contains thousands of jobs across Canada. The Bank offers many ways of sifting through job opportunities. With the "Quick Search" option you can limit your search to the jobs available in a certain area, for example. It is also possible to view only the jobs posted in the last 48 hours. The most extensive search option, "Search by job Title", requires you to type in a job title, that best fits your abilities, and to choose one or more areas where you wish to work. The Bank will first help you determine a more precise job title and then list the appropriate job offers.

Tip: If you search by 'Job Title, ' make sure to click the "Save Profile" button, at the bottom of your results page. The Bank will assign you a password. On your next visit, type it in the appropriate box on the home page. The Bank will then show you any job offers that have arrived since your last visit.

Electronic Labour Exchange (ELE) - Human Resources Development Canada (HRDC)
The ELE is a sophisticated system that matches employers and jot seekers. Complete a profile of your skills and advertise yourself to thousands of potential employers. The profile is stored in a database and is accessible to employers.

Tip: Once you have created your skill profile, you can ask the ELE to save it. Click the 'Save profile' button and create your own user code. Next time you can simply log on as a returning user. Just type in that password in the appropriate box on the home page next time. The ELE will recognize you and match your profile to new job offers.

The Monster Board
In October of this year, had 4,000 job offers on its site. The search engine allows you to find a job by field or by region. You can upload your e-resume for employers to read. This site also has its own notification service called "My Monster". You also have the option of searching for jobs by companies listed in alphabetical order, or clicking on a map of Canada to browse through the jobs in each province.

(CIP) The Career Resource Center of The Monster Board contains career articles and links, as well as tools for executives, Human Resource professionals, and people seeking a career change.

JobSat - Online Employment Database
Jobsat is a private employment warehouse containing thousands of jobs offered in Canada and around the world. To explore the job offers, you will first need to create an online resume. The site will match your resume with the job offers available. The site includes a notification service, which e-mails you when a new offer that matches your qualifications has been added to the site.

Globe Careers.Com
In October 1999, there were 7000 jobs listed on this Canadian site. A powerful search engine allows you to find the right job by choosing a category, an industry, and a region. Or, you can simply browse the jobs according to when they were posted. Like other sites, you can submit your e-resume for potential employers to view. This site also has a notification service. All of these features, along with its career articles, make this a very complete and comprehensive site. - Canada Jobs
This site provides job seekers access to over 2000 links to employers with job postings online, employment agencies, job banks, newspaper classifieds and other career resources. The resources provided are broken down to the city and region in which they are relevant.

Canada Jobs
This impressive directory collects all the Canadian job postings available on the Internet. If it has an URL, is Canadian, and contains job offers, it's here: newsgroups, specialized web sites, and corporate sites are just a few of the resources available. A few interesting international resources are also included. Local job lists are available for specific cities including Calgary, Toronto, Ottawa and Vancouver, with more cities to be added in the future. Job seekers that are looking for job listings specific to a field of employment will find this site very useful!

Job Canada
A user-friendly website for the Toronto and surrounding areas only! Updated every Friday at 4PM plus free resume posting and live help!

Reading the classifieds

Career Click
This site allows you to search the want ads in the newspapers published by Southam Inc. The "Job Alert" feature will inform you of new ads that match your qualifications. You need to register and create an e-resume to use the site. This site also provides articles on the job market. A Guide to English-language Media - Canada section
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Interested in working in another city or town in Canada? Get a feel for the area and the kind of job opportunities it has to offer by looking at local newspapers. Click on the province or territory you are interested in and you will be able to link to the newspapers of that area. They are sorted by region (area code) and by schedule of publication (daily, non-daily, etc.).

Tip: There are a lot more newspapers published at this site than at the previous one, hut you'll have to dig for those job offers.

For students and recent graduates

Public Service Commission (PSC) Jobs Site
This site lists all the job openings in the Government of Canada. The Public Service Commission runs a recruiting campaign of new university graduates in the fall of every year. It also recruits students for summer jobs under the Federal Student Work Experience Program. Through the PSC over 5,000 co-op students intern in various federal departments every year. This is a good site to know about, especially if you are a student!

Tip: The Post-Secondary Recruitment Campaign (PSRC) is quite popular, but also very short. You should start checking this site in the month of August. The Campaign ends sometime in October. Details are available at:

RND Campus Work Link
Made possible by Industry Canada and the Canadian Association of Career Educators and Employers (CACEE), RND Campus Work Link is an employment-matching service for recent graduates. The site has over 40,000 registered employers and more than 85,000 resumes from job seekers across Canada. Students must register with their school's career placement services to receive a password. They can then create and post their resume as well as find the job offers on RND Work Link and apply online. News is also available about recruitment campaigns and employers' profiles.

Career Owl
This is still a brand new service for Canadian graduates looking for employment, but since October 1999, there have been 2,485 jobs available through this site. As with Campus Work Link, graduates must register and create their e-resume and can then browse or search job listings. They can also apply for jobs online. Career Owl includes a service that notifies registered graduates of any posting on the site or at participating university career centres that matches their job search criteria.

For a different kind of job

Charity Village
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Charity Village Career Center is a site for individuals seeking employment with a Non-Profit Organization in Canada. It offers job postings, as well as news of the non-profit sector and links to non-profit organizations. You can browse the most recent jobs, look at all the available jobs, or search the site by keyword. The resource section lists a number of web tools that can help anyone seeking this type of job.



Experience Canada
Experience Canada offers paid internships in another province to recent graduates. Each intern is paired with a mentor who is an experienced worker in the field. You can submit an online application.

On Site
On Site offers internships to recent graduates, who receive, have received, or are eligible for Employment Insurance. The El recipients are eligible for the benefits during their internship. The site outlines the internship opportunities in seven fields. Applicants must complete an online questionnaire.

Human Resources Development Canada (HRDC) National Youth Site
This site describes the activities of HRDC's Youth Employment Initiative. The various programs listed here include paid internships, employer subsidies for summer job creation and development of youth employment services. This is a site to visit often when looking for new youth employment programs or services. One of these opportunities may be right for you!


Volunteer Canada
Volunteering is a great way to meet people, learn new skills, and acquire work experience. Volunteer centres listed on this site recruit volunteers for all kinds of community services. To find one near you, simply click on the map of Canada on your province or territory. Some centres have their own web site.

Opportunities abroad for students

Campus - Internships and Volunteer Work

Interested in getting experience in another country, but don't know where to look? This site provides listings of internships and volunteer opportunities available through Canadian, American, and international organizations in eight categories. Each organization describes in detail the opportunities it offers, explains application procedures, and provides contact information.

Queen's University - International Center
This site is filled with information to assist students who want to live abroad while obtaining their university degree. Go to the "Canadian Study Abroad Listing", click on any part of the worldmap, and a complete list of study-abroad programs sponsored by Canadian universities will appear. The information on each program includes costs, application procedures, contact information, and direct web links where possible. This site also contains a search engine that will allow you to explore even further.

(CIP) Go to:
for links to sites with more information on studies, work, travel, volunteering and internships abroad.

Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade - Youth International Internship Program

This site is a must for Canadian youth who would like to travel abroad. It describes many international youth programs: summer work abroad, academic exchange programs, international internships, and more.

Other ideas

Council of Ministers of Education, Canada - Official Language Programs
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Have you ever considered learning Canada's other official language during the summer? If so, then this program is for you: an intensive five-week course at an accredited institution in Quebec. Summer internships and part-time employment opportunities are available to individuals who speak French fluently. There is also a program designed especially for francophones who live outside Quebec.

University of Waterloo - Career Development Manual - Hands-on Experience
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A variety of experiences may help you discover the type of work for which you are best suited. This site provides information to help you access cooperative education, seasonal employment, contract work, permanent work, work-study, internships, or volunteer positions. The manual describes each of these options, including benefits and possible outcomes.


Understanding the market

Canada Prospects
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Here is a site that young people will love. It is upbeat and full of great ideas! This webzine contains articles on topics such as youth employment, the new job market, skills sought by employers, jobsearch techniques, personal development, career choices and opportunities. The exercises in the 'zine will help you start to think about your future!

Human Resources Development Canada (HRDC) Human Resources Office for Employers
Although this site is mainly for employers and Human Resource professionals, job-seekers will also find it interesting. Not only will it help them gain a better understanding of employers' recruiting strategies, but the site also contains valuable information on employment standards, worker compensation, occupational safety, salaries, benefits, and a lot more. Check it out!

Labour Market Information Handbook
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Have you ever been confused by employment statistics? As you will see, they are not difficult to understand. This site will set you on the right path, once and for all! It offers brief explanations of statistics as well as definitions for the terms that often appear in career information. It might not be a bad idea to start your information search here.

Tip: When looking for the meaning of a specific word, use the table of contents at:

Making sense of Labour Market Information
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The authors of this site stress the importance of choosing your career information sources carefully in order to make intelligent career choices. They advise job seekers to constantly keep an eye out for new information to keep up-to-date. This site introduces the labour market and how it works. The different sections discuss global market trends, jobs in the new economy, skills in demand, and other topics. It explains how to find and use good career information and the importance of the information in making career decisions.

Tip: When the resources and some references in the text are now dated, the document is still a useful explanation of changes happening in the workplace.

Job descriptions

Career Awareness-Human Resources Development Canada (HRDC)

Here you will find many of the web resources and other tools created by HRDC to help young people make better career decisions in today's job market. These resources include the Edge Webzine, the Career Move Series, Career Directions, Catching the Waves, and more. Each of these 'zines is clear and straightforward, addressing many issues young people face when choosing a career or planning their future.
Occupational information is often a little, well... dry! is career information with a personal touch! On this site, real people discuss what they do every day and what they like and don't like, about their jobs. They describe the challenges they face and share the wisdom of their experience. Browse through the list of occupations or select one of the categories, such as Arts and Sports or Education and Social Services. It may be a bit of an eye-opener.

The Princeton Review-Career Find-O-Rama
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On this site you can consult useful and accurate descriptions of many occupations. Just click on the "Career Search" button and type the name of the occupation that interests you. The site's search engine will then suggest some specific occupational tides. Click on one to find a very down-to-earth description, including the tasks usually performed, the trends affecting this occupation, and the training required. You will have to register (free of charge) before using the site, but it's well worth the trouble!

Career and Educational Guidance Library - Career Exploration Links

This American database provides information on over 700 occupations. The "Career Information" section is organized into a virtual library. Just click on the field that interests you (biological sciences, media, etc.) to find links to web sites describing one or many occupations in that field. T his is a very good source of information on a variety of occupations! It also contains links to educational options and professional associations in the United States.

University of Manitoba - Career Resource Center
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Looking for more information on a specific occupation? This site lists occupations alphabetically and offers a comprehensive description of each, including the responsibilities, working conditions, and pay. You can also read about the different educational requirements and professional associations for each occupation.

Career Gateway
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Another great place to find occupational information! A major benefit of this site is that the information is organized under three main headings: Canadian, American, and overseas sources. This site provides a number of resources to help you understand the ins and outs of the occupation that interests you. Many of these descriptions are hard to find elsewhere!

Job Futures - Human Resources Development Canada (HRDC)
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Wondering how the job market will look over the next few years, or what it's like for recent graduates? Job Futures provides employment facts and trends for over 200 occupations and over 150 fields of study. The information covers where to find work, education/training requirements, earnings, growth in employment, unemployment rates, the breakdown of youth in different jobs, and much more.

Tip: Job Futures is designed as a resource tool and is a general guide only. Labour market conditions may vary dramatically across the country and can change quickly due to unexpected and uncontrollable factors. Individuals should research and compare numerous information sources, in addition to obtaining first-hand information from people in the field, educational institutions, employers, and professional organizations before making any decisions.

Knowing your business

Strategis-Canadian Company Capabilities
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Understanding the labour market means understanding the businesses that may need your services. Every job seeker should make a list of potential employers and try to learn as much as possible about them before applying. To do that, you need a business directory, and this is one of the best around. Use the detailed search option to find businesses in any manufacturing sector or city in Canada. Other business directories are linked to this site.

Human Resources Development Canada (HRDC) - Sectoral and Occupational Studies Division
HRDC sponsors a number of Human Resources Studies that investigate trends in different employment sectors. On this site, you will find summaries of these Human Resources Studies. Each will give you a better idea of the recruiting needs and of the skills employers are looking for.

(CIP) Many sectoral councils have their own web site where you can find more information and special program. Links are listed at:


you will find a lot of information on emerging industries such as multimedia, biotechnology, and the environment.

Strategies-Industry Overview
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This site will allow you to complete your research on business and industry trends. It provides detailed information on most sectors, including number of employees, labour needs, and, in many cases, a fist of the most important employers.

Prospects Today: Canada's Daily Labour Market News
Everything you need to know about the Canadian labour market in brief but informative articles. At the end of each article there are links to related sites, as well as to job postings on the Campus Work Link site.

Canadian Business Directory
The Canadian Business Directory is exactly that. It is a great tool for finding potential employers. Click on the province and then on a category - multimedia, for example - and you will get a list of businesses in that field. Very easy to use!

The local market

Labour Market Information Service - Human Resources Development Canada (HRDC)
Find out what's happening in the job market at a local level throughout Canada. Get detailed information on occupations, wages, employment trends, industries, communities and labour market conditions.

Tip: Click the 'Glossary" button and take a minute to read the explanation of the terms used in the description.

(CIP) For many regions, you will also find a list of the main employers with each job description. A very important tool for job seekers!



Employment Legislations

Employment Agencies - General

Employment Agencies - Government

Job Opportunities - General

Job Opportunities for Students

Self-created Jobs






Migration to Canada
I An Introduction I Health I Housing I Welfare Schemes I Your Rights & Duties