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SELECTION PROCEDURE

SELECTION PROCEDURE

You must first meet the definition of the one class you are applying under (investor, entrepreneur or self-employed person) to be eligible for selection. If you successfully meet the definition, you are then assessed against 5 selection factors: age, education, official languages, experience and adaptability. For each selection factor, a specific number of selection points are allotted. The following tables will help you estimate how many points you would earn for each factor. It is important that you make a careful assessment before you apply because you must pay certain fees, one of which is non-refundable (the Processing fee) even if your application is refused. If you have a score lower than a total of 35 points, your application may be refused. The pass mark for all three classes of business immigrants is 35.

Investors and Entrepreneurs

Factor 1: Business experience (maximum 35 points)

Business experience must have been obtained within the period beginning 5 years before the date of application.

Two years business experience 20
Three years business experience 25
Four years business experience 30
Five years business experience 35

Factor 2: Age (maximum 10 points)

Points are given for your age at the time your application is received.

Age Total Points
16 or under 0
17 2
18 4
19 6
20 8
21 - 49 10
50 8
51 6
52 4
53 2
54 and over 0

Factor 3: Education (maximum 25 points)

You have not completed secondary school (also called high school) 0
You have obtained a secondary school credential 5
You have obtained a 1-year post-secondary educational credential and completed at least 12 years of full-time or full-time equivalent studies. 12
You have obtained a 1-year post-secondary educational credential and completed at least 13 years of full-time or full-time equivalent studies 15
You have obtained a 1-year university credential at the bachelor's level and completed at least 13 years of full-time or full-time equivalent studies. 15
You have obtained a 2-year post-secondary educational credential and completed at least 14 years of full-time or full-time equivalent studies. 20
You have obtained a 2-year educational credential at the bachelor's level and completed at least 14 years of full-time or full-time equivalent studies. 20
You have obtained a three-year post-secondary educational credential and completed at least 15 years of full-time or full-time equivalent studies. 22
You have obtained 2 or more university educational credentials at the bachelor's level and completed at least 15 years of full-time or full-time equivalent studies. 22
You have obtained a Master's or PhD and completed at least 17 years of fulltime or full-time equivalent studies. 25

 Factor 4: English and French language ability (maximum 24 points)

To assess your English and French language ability, first decide which language you are most comfortable with. This language is your first official language. The language you feel less comfortable communicating with is your second official language. Next, award points according to your ability to read, write, listen to and speak English and French. The following two tables define the levels of language proficiency and how points are allotted for each level:

Skill Level Criteria
High proficiency You can communicate effectively in most community and workplace situations. You speak, listen to, read and write the language very well.
Moderate proficiency You can make yourself understood and you understand what others are saying in most workplace and community situations. You speak, listen to, read and write the language well.
Basic proficiency You do not meet the above criteria for moderate proficiency but still have some ability to speak, listen to, read or write the language.
No proficiency You have no ability whatsoever in speaking, listening to, reading or writing the language.

Calculating your language points

First official language Read Write Listen Speak Maximum score per category
High proficiency 4 4 4 4 16
Moderate proficiency 2 2 2 2 8
Basic proficiency 1 1 1 1 2
No proficiency 0 0 0 0 0
Maximum possible score for all 4 abilities in first official language = 16
Second official language Read Write Listen Speak Maximum score per category
High proficiency 2 2 2 2 8
Moderate proficiency 2 2 2 2 8
Basic proficiency 1 1 1 1 2
No proficiency 0 0 0 0 0
Maximum possible score for all 4 abilities in second official language = 8
Maximum possible score total for both official languages = 24

Factor 5: Adaptability (maximum 6 points)

A maximum of 6 points for adaptability can be earned by any combination of the following elements:

You have made a business exploration trip to Canada in the period beginning 5 years before the date of application.

6

You have participated in joint federal-provincial business immigration initiatives.

6

Self-employed Persons

Factor 1: Relevant experience (maximum 35 points)

Experience must have been obtained within the 5 year period immediately preceding the date of application.

Two years relevant experience 20
Three years relevant experience 25
Four years relevant experience 30
Five years relevant experience 35

Factor 2: Age (maximum 10 points)

Points are given for your age at the time your application is received.

Age Total Points
16 or under 0
17 2
18 4
19 6
20 8
21 - 49 10
50 8
51 6
52 4
53 2
54 and over 0

Factor 3: Education (maximum 25 points)

You have not completed secondary school (also called high school) 0
You have obtained a secondary school credential 5
You have obtained a 1-year post-secondary educational credential and completed at least 12 years of full-time or full-time equivalent studies. 12
You have obtained a 1-year post-secondary educational credential and completed at least 13 years of full-time or full-time equivalent studies 15
You have obtained a 1-year university credential at the bachelor's level and completed at least 13 years of full-time or full-time equivalent studies. 15
You have obtained a 2-year post-secondary educational credential and completed at least 14 years of full-time or full-time equivalent studies. 20
You have obtained a 2-year educational credential at the bachelor's level and completed at least 14 years of full-time or full-time equivalent studies. 20
You have obtained a three-year post-secondary educational credential and completed at least 15 years of full-time or full-time equivalent studies. 22
You have obtained 2 or more university educational credentials at the bachelor's level and completed at least 15 years of full-time or full-time equivalent studies. 22
You have obtained a Master's or PhD and completed at least 17 years of fulltime or full-time equivalent studies. 25

Factor 4: English and French language ability (maximum 24 points)

To assess your English and French language ability, first decide which language you are most comfortable with. This language is your first official language. The language you feel less comfortable communicating with is your second official language. Next, award points according to your ability to read, write, listen to and speak English and French. The following two tables define the levels of language proficiency and how points are allotted for each level:

Skill Level Criteria
High proficiency You can communicate effectively in most community and workplace situations. You speak, listen, read and write the language very well.
Moderate proficiency You can make yourself understood and you understand what others are saying in most workplace and community situations. You speak, listen, read and write the language well.
Basic proficiency You do not meet the above criteria for moderate proficiency but still have some ability to speak, listen to, read or write the language.
No proficiency You have no ability whatsoever in speaking, listening to, reading or writing the language.

Calculating your language points

First official language Read Write Listen Speak Maximum score per category
High proficiency 4 4 4 4 16
Moderate proficiency 2 2 2 2 8
Basic proficiency 1 1 1 1 2
No proficiency 0 0 0 0 0
Maximum possible score for all 4 abilities in first official language = 16
Second official language Read Write Listen Speak Maximum score per category
High proficiency 2 2 2 2 8
Moderate proficiency 2 2 2 2 8
Basic proficiency 1 1 1 1 2
No proficiency 0 0 0 0 0
Maximum possible score for all 4 abilities in second official language = 8
Maximum possible score total for both official languages = 24

Factor 5: Adaptability (maximum 6 points)

A maximum of 6 points for adaptability can be earned by any combination of the following elements:

1 Your accompanying spouse or common-law partner's level of education  
Secondary school (high school) diploma or less 0
A 1 or 2-year post-secondary educational credential and at least 13 years of education 3
A three-year post secondary educational credential and at least 15 years of education 4
A three-year university credential and at least 15 years of education 4
A Master's or PhD and at least 17 years of education 5
2 You or your accompanying spouse or common-law partner has studied in Canada
Not at all, or anything less than 2 years post-secondary education in Canada 0
Obtained a Canadian post-secondary educational credential of at least 2 years since the age of 18 5
3 You or your accompanying spouse or common-law partner has worked in Canada
Not at all, or less than 1 year full-time work in Canada 0
Worked full-time in Canada for at least 1 year 5
4 You or your accompanying spouse or common-law partner has family in Canada
No 0
Have a parent, grandparent, aunt, uncle, sister, brother, nephew, niece, child or grandchild who is a Canadian citizen or permanent resident living in Canada 5

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